The Science, Technology, Engineering and Mathematics cluster is about planning, managing, and providing scientific research and professional and technical services (e.g., physical science, social science, engineering) including laboratory and testing services and research and development services. Job opportunities in this cluster will vary depending upon specialty. Over the next decade, jobs aligned with advancing technology are predicted to boom as new career opportunities open. Individuals with college-degrees and experience have the most potential for success within this industry.
Employment Projections: 2010-2020
Although the Science, Technology, Engineering, and Mathematics (STEM) career cluster has received a lot of attention in the past decade because of its powerful impact on our economy, it is still one of the smallest clusters. STEM had about 3.2 million workers in 2010; only the Arts, A/V Technology, and Communications and Government and Public Administration clusters were smaller. The Bureau of Labor Statistics projects that employment in STEM occupations will grow by 10 percent to 3.5 million in 2020.
The report Employment Projections for STEM, 2010-2020 includes data on occupations growing faster that the nation average, pathways employment overview, occupations with the most job openings, and employment projections.
What They Make…
Occupations in this cluster and what they make in Virginia
Employed in VA
Typical entry-level Education
|Aerospace engineers||4,160||$65K–$149K||Bachelor’s degree|
|Agricultural and food science technicians||180||$22K–$53K||Associate’s degree|
|Chemical engineers||1,270||$59K–$155K||Bachelor’s degree|
|Chemical technicians||1,120||$26K–$71K||Associate’s degree|
|Conservation scientists||410||$38K–$91K||Bachelor’s degree|
|Electrical and electronics drafters||760||$35K–$88K||Associate’s degree|
|Electrical engineers||5,960||$56–$137K||Bachelor’s degree|
|Materials scientists||170||$47K–$134K||Bachelor’s degree|
|Mechanical engineers||7,730||$52K–$122K||Bachelor’s degree|
|Physicists||960||$58K–$177K||Doctoral or professional degree|
|Political scientists||630||$49K–$155K||Master’s degree|