Law, Public Safety, Corrections and Security

The Law, Public Safety, Corrections and Security cluster is about planning, managing, and providing legal, public safety, protective services and homeland security, including professional and technical support services.  The justice system is a complex field that employs many people to keep communications safe.  This cluster offers great careers for people who want to give back to their community.  Police officers, emergency medical technicians, and firefighters are vital for citizen’s security.  This cluster also encompasses the legal field.

Employment Projections: 2010-2020

The Law, Public Safety, Corrections, and Security career cluster is projected to gain employment from 2010 and 2020, growing by 13 percent, about the national average rate of growth. The Bureau of Labor Statistics (BLS) estimates that Law, Public Safety, Corrections, and Security occupations had about 4.8 million workers in 2010, and projects about 5.4 million by 2020.

The report Employment Projections for Law, Public Safety, Corrections, and Security, 2010-2020 includes data on occupations growing faster that the nation average, pathways employment overview, occupations with the most job openings, and employment projections.


Criminal Justice

What They Make…
Occupations in this cluster and what they make in Virginia
Occupation Employed in VA Typical salary1 Typical entry-level Education
Bailiffs 430 $19K–$67K High school diploma
Court reporters 210 $25K–$91K Postsecondary
non-degree award
Detectives and criminal investigators 3,620 $40K–$123K High school diploma
Emergency management directors 370 $31K–$108K Bachelor’s degree
Fire inspectors and investigators 180 $34K–$87K High school diploma
Firefighters 8,520 $22K–$79K Postsecondary
non-degree award
Forensic science technicians 360 $32K–$85K Bachelor’s degree
Lawyers 15,720 $54K–$187K+ Doctoral or
professional degree
Paralegals and legal assistants 8,680 $29K–$75K Associate’s degree
Police and sheriff’s patrol officers 17,970 $32K–$89K High school diploma
Police, fire and ambulance dispatchers 3,000 $23K–$57K High school diploma
Private detectives and investigators 620 $28K–$80K Some college
Probation officers and corrections specialists 2,830 $32K–$83K Bachelor’s degree
Security guards 32,520 $17K–$42K High school diploma

110th to 90th percentile
Source: U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics