Hospitality & Tourism

Hospitality & Tourism encompasses the management, marketing and operations of restaurants and other food services, lodging, attractions, recreation events and travel related services. Jobs in this career cluster include travel agents who help people plan their ideal vacation, and chefs and bakers who prepare their own culinary masterpieces.  Competition in this field is fierce.  Employment of meeting, convention, and event planners is expected to grow rapidly as companies become increasingly widespread and are looking for opportunities to bring their employees together. Job seekers with a college degree in hospitality management or administration will have the best prospects.


  • AH & LA Level One
  • Workplace Readiness
Employment Projections: 2010-2020

The Hospitality and Tourism career cluster is projected to experience moderate growth between 2010 and 2020. According to estimates by the Bureau of Labor Statistics (BLS), about 17.8 million people were employed in Hospitality and Tourism occupations in 2010, and employment is expected to grow to around 19.6 million by 2020. A portion of this growth will be making up for employment lost during the recession when the leisure and hospitality industry was particularly hard hit. The overall growth rate for the cluster is projected to be about average compared to other clusters at 10%.

The report Employment Projections for Hospitality and Tourism, 2010-2020 includes data on occupations growing faster that the nation average, pathways employment overview, occupations with the most job openings, and employment projections.


Culinary Arts

Travel and Tourism

What They Make…
Occupations in this cluster and what they make in Virginia
Occupation Employed in VA Typical salary1 Typical entry-level Education
Bakers 2,720 $17K–$37K Less than high school
Bartenders 8,210 $16K–$32K Less than high school
Chefs and head cooks 2,430 $25K–$74K High school diploma
Dishwashers 11,660 $16K–$23K Less than high school
Fast food cooks 7,580 $16K–$23K Less than high school
Food preparations workers 19,630 $16K–$29K Less than high school
Food service managers 2,960 $31K–$81K High school diploma
Hotel desk clerks 6,660 $17K–$30K High school diploma
Lodging managers 900 $29K–$90K High school diploma
Meeting, convention and event planners 3,500 $27K–$79K Bachelor’s degree
Recreation workers 11,670 $17K–$39K Bachelor’s degree
Cooks, restaurant 27,770 $17K–$32K Less than high school
Tour guides 1,460 $17K–$38K High school diploma
Travel agents 1,620 $20K–$57K High school diploma
 Waiters and waitresses 64,360 $16K–$30K Less than high school